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PIPKIN Research Team
Sarah Lloyd Fox

Principal Investigator

As a UKRI Future Leaders Fellow, I am lead investigator of PIPKIN and Brain Imaging for Global Health (BRIGHT) Study. By mapping brain and cognitive function in the first days and months of life, I hope to better understand how the world we live in mediates early brain specialisation and behaviour


I pioneered the use of fNIRS in infants, focusing on developing field-friendly  toolkits for use in low income and home settings. In partnership with community-informed initiatives, I hope to optimise family-mediated interventions that bridge the transition between pre- to post-natal life. Research insights will be communicated to suit the needs of individual communities in the UK &  global health contexts.

Mark Johnson

Principal Investigator

The focus of my research is the study    of functional brain development over the first years of life. The key questions that motivate my research concern how specialized cognitive functions emerge within particular brain regions (e.g. the cerebral cortex) during development.


I am particularly interested in the development of the newborn social brain, specifically activity during face perception, eye-gaze perception and eye-gaze cued action, and the perception of human action. Through imaging (ERP, NIRS) and behavioural testing methods, my goal is understand the typical and atypical development of the human social brain network.

Maria Rozhko

Doctoral Student

I am an aspiring developmental psychologist and a mother of an extraordinary boy. I joined the PIPKIN study in 2022 after completing a Master's degree in Singapore. I am interested in the early development of a baby's temperament and its role in shaping the parent-child relationship and early cognitive development.

Borja Blanco

Research Associate

As a PhD in cognitive neuroscience at the Basque Center on Cognition, Brain and Language (BCBL) my research focused on investigating the influence of early bilingual exposure on the development of resting-state functional connectivity and speech processing             during the first months of life.


In PIPKIN, my interest will be on optimizing the application of a wearable fNIRS neuroimaging toolkit for monitoring early functional brain development in naturalistic setups. The diffusion optical tomography capabilities of the new fNIRS toolkit will allow us to compute 3D images of functional brain activity.

Kaili Clackson

Research Associate

My PhD focused on studying how language is processed in the brain, and how this develops during childhood. On becoming a mother I felt bombarded with conflicting information and opinions about parenting and had many unanswered questions about how babies develop: 


this turned me towards studying infant development. I am particularly interested in how infants’ and children’s development is influenced by their surroundings, and how small changes in the child’s experience of the world can lead to differences in their learning and development. I feel strongly that science can play an important role in teaching us about what our children really need to give them the best possible start in life.

Doctoral Student

I joined the Cambridge Babylab in October 2019 as a Marie-Sklodowska Curie Early Stage Researcher to pursue a doctoral degree, intending to investigate how social experiences following birth relate to infants’ development of brain mechanisms involved in the processing of social information. 


Understanding how environment shapes the developing brain is crucial to informing us about the ideal conditions for babies’ growth. I am also interested in working with infant-friendly neuroimaging approaches such as functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). I hope to contribute to further optimization of these techniques in

wider settings and with various populations. 

Staci Meredith Weiss

Research Associate

I yearn to understand the development of the "body schema", or how babies use what they know about their own bodies (even in the womb!) to explore their new, different world right after they are born. I study how babies' movements reflect their recognition that sensory body parts have     

   unique functions (mouth, eyes, etc.).


I was awarded my PhD from Temple University, where my NSF fellowship focused on how the ability to filter attention develops from infancy to adulthood. I also trained as a sonographer, measuring how babies' movement in the womb related with their mother's health. I am invested in ensuring developmental science reflects a broad, inclusive notion of human variability.

Alumni and Associates
 Affiliated Projects
  • Topun Austin (Cambridge, UCL) is our clinical consultant on PIPKIN and has expertise in premature neuodevelopment & neonatal neouroimaging suitable for NICU. 

  • Simon Baron-Cohen (Cambridge) has expertise in fetal fMRI and ultrasound, as well as genetic and hormonal assays implicated ASD pathogenesis.

  • Tony Charman (KCL) has expertise in clinical diagnosis and biomarker identification related to early ASD and ADHD.

  • Rob Cooper (UCL) has expertise in biomedical optics, hardware development and the application of diffuse optical tomography and fNIRS method

  • Clare Elwell (UCL) has expertise in newborn optical brain imaging, including fNIRS, for use in home, hospital, global and resource-poor settings.

  • Nadja Reissland (Durham) has expertise in fetal development, maternal mental health, and developed a coding scheme for identifying fetal behavior during ultrasound.

  • Emily Jones (Birkbeck) has expertise in conducting longitudinal EEG and eye-tracking acquisition studies of infants at high risk infants for neurodevelopmental conditions.

  • Andrew Pickles (KCL) has expertise in the biostatistics applied to human development and longitudinal modeling of neurodevelopment. 


Doctoral Student

I am an ESRC funded doctoral student working on the PIPKIN project and collaborating with the Brazelton Centre. My main interests lie in examining how the prenatal world maps onto postnatal outcomes and how factors such as maternal diet, the microbiome and socioeconomic status shape this development.

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I will also work in a knowledge-exchange partnership with the Brazelton Centre, using their expertise with the Neonatal Behavioural Assessment Scale (as an assessment and intervention) and focus groups, along with the findings from PIPKIN, to develop an app-based intervention for those most vulnerable to adverse outcomes. 

Esther Ademeno

Student Research Assistant

My final year research project is examining lockdown restrictions and pandemic have influenced the mental health of pregnant women and women with infants, and their worries about parenting, across different socio-economic statuses (SES). 

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Student Research Assistant

I am hoping to pursue a career in the field of neonatology and am currently in the third year of my medical degree. I am interested in how Covid-19 is modifying the social world of infants and how this is affecting their development, both socially and cognitively.

Zahra Khan

Masters Research Assistant

Zahra studied BSc Psychology at Aston University before starting her MPhil in Biological Science (Psychology). In her undergraduate placement year, she worked as a psychology assistant within perinatal mental health at University College London Hospitals. 

Collaborators and Project Partners
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